Your questions, answered.

How To Deal With Various Types Of Heavy Bleeding

Menstrual Bleeding

If you suffer from heavy bleeding during your menstrual period on a regular basis, it’s wise to check with your doctor to determine the cause. However, what you consider heavy bleeding may actually be normal for you. A rule of thumb to remember is this: If you’re changing your sanitary napkin or tampon every hour or two hours, then you suffer from abnormally heavy menstrual bleeding. Hormonal imbalances, a surprise miscarriage, or ovarian cysts are often the cause, and all can be treated, either with medication or simple surgical procedures.

Other Causes and Treatments For Heavy Bleeding

If you suffer from nosebleeds on a regular basis, it’s best to check with your doctor to determine whether you’re suffering from high blood pressure or hemophilia. Both conditions can be life-threatening, but in the case of an occasional, simple nosebleed, these tips are often helpful. First, gently pinch your nostrils together and tilt your head back. Pinching the nostrils usually helps to stem or stop the flow of blood, while tilting your head back reduces pressure on the veins and capillaries in the nose, which will in turn reduce or stop the flow of blood. For a more serious nosebleed, a trip to the emergency room or your doctor is in order. Once there, expect to undergo either cauterization of the vessels and capillaries in your nose, packing with sterile gauze, or both. In either case, it’s best to refrain from picking or blowing your nose for a certain period of time in order to avoid suffering from another nose bleed.

In the case of injuries, the severity, location, and amount of blood loss will determine whether the injury can be treated at home or if a trip to the emergency room is in order. For small cuts, holding the injured area under cold running water helps to clean the area, and in some cases this also stops the flow of blood. For more serious injuries, applying direct pressure with your hand or a clean, dry piece of gauze, cloth, or a towel helps to stop the flow of blood. Also, if the injury is on the hand or arm, holding the affected part above the heart will also stem or stop the flow of the blood. For severe injuries that result in an injured or severed artery, immediate medical attention is required. While you wait for paramedics, apply a tourniquet ONLY if you are properly trained in the technique. Otherwise, follow the aforementioned procedures to try and stop the literal spurting of blood, which is a tell-tale sign of an arterial injury.